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Rajasthan Aims to Achieve 70 Percent of Green Power by 2050

The draft unveiled by the Energy Department of Rajasthan is ‘Rajasthan Energy Policy 2050’, which outlines a remarkable shift in the state's energy landscape. Rajasthan has outlined its objectives, with the purpose of achieving them by 2030 and 2050.

September 12, 2023. By Nivedita Ojha

The draft unveiled by the Energy Department of Rajasthan is ‘Rajasthan Energy Policy 2050’, which outlines a remarkable shift in the state's energy landscape. Rajasthan has set out its objectives, with the purpose of achieving them by 2030 and 2050. The vision of Rajasthan Energy Policy 2050 is ‘A low-carbon, integrated, and resilient energy system to provide secure, reliable, affordable, and clean energy for inclusive and sustainable development of Rajasthan’.

2030 Goals
The vision that the state has set out for will be achieved by 2030 is 90 GW of RE capacity installed in the state. The figure is that 0.5 percent of the state’s land area will be adequate to achieve the 90 GW target by 2030 towards fulfilling the state’s own electricity need and export to other states.
As per India’s latest wind atlas at 150 m, Rajasthan can deploy 284 GW of wind capacity, of which 45 GW can be developed in high wind-speed regions with a capacity factor between 30-32 percent.

2050 Target
Aligning with Rajasthan’s growth and development aspirations, the primary energy demand is anticipated to be over thrice by 2050.  The Energy Policy 2050 targets to guide the state’s transition to a secure and clean energy future. The Government of Rajasthan has envisioned the Energy Policy 2050 to put forth a clear, all-inclusive, and long-term vision for the state’s energy sector transformation. The state has put forth a goal of non-fossil energy sources comprising 70 percent of the electricity generation, up from 20 percent in 2020.

Rajasthan aims by 2050 to contribute 50 percent share of grid electricity in the industrial energy mix, up from 32 percent in 2020. The state will act as a hub for GH2 production in India and cater to demand from other states.

Tapping the Solar and Wind Power

Rajasthan explores itself in a favorable position, because of the presence of ample renewable energy resources and extensive barren land. Moreover, the state's solar insolation rating has escalated from 5.2 to 5.7 kilowatts per square meter, indicating a conducive environment for solar energy generation. Especially, in regions such as Barmer, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, and Jodhpur, almost half of the state's vast 41,949 square kilometer area promotes favorable conditions for tapping solar energy.

The state will assist in the early by cutting down diesel-based captive power generation through the boost of low-carbon alternatives like captive RE plants (solar, wind, or hybrid).

Rajasthan consumes approximately 250 thousand metric tonnes of hydrogen. The state is fulfilling this demand through in-state production of green hydrogen would need 5 GW of solar capacity, 2 GW of electrolyser capacity, and an investment worth INR 40,000 crore.

Path Towards Cleaner Future

Rajasthan will design financial and non-financial incentives to aid industries with a high coal dependence to switch to cleaner and low-carbon fuels including electricity, natural gas, hydrogen, and biomass.

The state will create a ‘Clean Energy Investment Fund’ to facilitate financial incentives in the form of capital grants, interest subsidies, and risk guarantees to captivate domestic and international investment into renewables R&D labs and production units for strategic energy technologies in Rajasthan.
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