Need to Focus More on Electrification of 3-Wheeler than 4-Wheeler: TERI

There’s a need to focus more on the electrification of 3-wheelers, as compared to the 4-wheelers, suggested policy research think-tank The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in its report.

December 18, 2020. By Manu Tayal

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There’s a need to focus more on the electrification of 3-wheelers, as compared to the 4-wheelers, suggested policy research think-tank The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in its report.

The report has been released on the Roadmap for Electrification of Urban Freight in India, by TERI with the support of Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation (SSEF).

During the virtual launch of the report, Sudhendu J Sinha, Adviser, Transport, NITI Aayog, said that, “as India’s urban population continues to grow, we have to address the transport sector and its implications. The urban freight sector is no more confined to four and three-wheelers; it also comprises two-wheelers with the advent of e-commerce. One of the most significant challenges in the three-wheeler segment is with respect to finances. However, that cost is now coming down to 25-30 per cent in India.” 

Citing the success of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model for the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) in Kochi, Sinha added, “awareness campaigns should be taken up to promote the uptake of these electric 3W vehicles.” 

The study was conducted by TERI with an objective to assess the operational and financial feasibility of EVs in the urban freight (UF) segment by undertaking a survey-based analysis of 5 sectors across 3 cities namely Delhi, Bengaluru and Surat. 

On the findings of the report, Key researcher and author of the report, Sharif Qamar, Associate Fellow & Area Convenor, Centre for Sustainable Mobility, TERI, said that, “our key findings suggest that the total cost of operation is rapidly turning in favour of EV variants, and diesel prices, range of EVs and subsidies play a significant role in overall total cost of ownership (TCO) of EVs.”

He also mentioned that “a large proportion of LCVs currently plying in Indian cities are pre-BS-IV emission standards, and focus is needed to upgrade these to newer vehicles.” 

“EVs are increasingly being introduced in the urban freight/last-mile delivery services in India cities. Up to 14 per cent reduction in CO2 emissions is attainable in the small commercial vehicle segment with higher EV penetration in total sales by 2030,” Sharif Qamar added. 

On the need for policy changes, Ruchir Shukla, Director, Electric Mobility Program, Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, said that “commercial vehicle in India is turning into one of the biggest segments with more relevance to urban transport. The trends/ownership of smaller commercial vehicles in the last 10 years has nearly doubled. This gives opportunities to bring and introduce new and relevant policies to implement and support SCVs as well as increase EV fleet.”

“Congestions and traffic restrictions in cities mean that SCVs have more penetration in urban spaces. City/local governments should be increasingly involved in the implementation of EV policies, as they are more concerned with city-level policy imperatives/challenges. Empowering them is a good step towards resolving urban freight and transport-related barriers,” added Shri Prakash, Distinguished Fellow at TERI.

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