India’s share of electricity generation from solar and wind energy sources grew from 3 per cent of the total generation in 2015 to 10 per cent in the first half of 2020 and at the same time its share of coal generation fell from 77 per cent to 68 per cent, said Ember in its report.
The UK environmental group’s Ember in its report analyzed that, for the first time, the world’s dirtiest fossil fuel coal ran at less than half of its capacity this year.
The report is a half-year analysis of the global electricity transition, analysing 48 countries that represent 83 per cent of global electricity, quoted IANS.
Ember, which is focused on coal to clean energy policy, said that wind and solar reached a record-high market share of 10 per cent of global electricity in H1 of 2020, up by 14 per cent compared to the same period last year despite a 3 per cent drop in demand globally due to the impact of corona virus.
It further added, these two factors led to the largest half-year fall in coal generation since at least 1990 and meant that this year, for the first time, the world's coal fleet ran at less than half of its capacity.
Speaking on the report, Dave Jones, senior electricity analyst at Ember, said that,
“countries are now on the same path -- building wind turbines and solar panels to replace electricity from coal and gas-fired power plants.”
He further added “but to keep a chance of limiting climate change to 1.5 degrees, coal generation needs to fall by 13 per cent every year this decade. The fact that, during a global pandemic, coal generation has still only fallen by eight per cent shows just how far off-track we still are. We have the solution, it’s working, it’s just not happening fast enough.”
It further stated that wind and solar continue to grow in line with the global average, reducing India’s reliance on coal.
Both wind and solar generation grew by 13 per cent in H1 2020, compared to the same period last year (in comparison to 14 per cent growth globally), and that meant wind and solar generated 9.7 per cent of India's electricity (compared to 9.8 per cent globally).
Meanwhile, India’s coal generation fell by 14 per cent in H1 2020 compared to H1 of previous year.
Thus, coal’s share of India's electricity has now fallen from 77 per cent in 2015 to 68 per cent in H1 2020, at the same time as wind and solar rose from 3.4 to 9.7 per cent.
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