“UDAY is the most comprehensive power sector reform ever planned and executed in the country”, said Shri Piyush Goyal,Union Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal, New & Renewable Energy and Mines, while addressing a distinguished gathering of Analysts and Media persons covering the Power sector, especially the progress of the UDAY Scheme, here today.
Shri Goyal noted that the UDAY scheme is a classic example of Comprehensive, Cooperative, Collaborative, Competitive, Consensual and Compassionate Federalism, where in the Governments at the States are envisaged to work in complete cohesion and collaboration with the Centre so as to compassionately focus on the comprehensively serving the people of India in meeting their power demands. Further, the scheme encourages State Governments to engage in constructive competition amongst themselves so as to achieve the financial and operational turnaround of their power departments and DISCOMs, the Minister added.
Shri Goyal, in a motivating statement for all stakeholders of UDAY, said that the Government’s aim is to provide ‘Assured, Quality, Affordable and Reliable 24x7 Power for All’ and it looks forward to a constructive partnership with all stakeholders to break all silos like Centre vs State, Private vs Public sector and among Ministries and Departments to achieve the above aim.
The Government has a deep focus on monitoring and fixing stakeholder accountability at each step, the Minister said. Itis working towards a clear strategy with visionary goals, for which the roadmap has been drawn with a view to bring in efficiency in the whole value chain in the power sector, Shri Goyal added. The Minister also reviewed the presentations made by States of Andhra Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan on their DISCOM operational and financial turnarounds under UDAY and later released a booklet on the journeyof the UDAY scheme.
During the event, Government of India, the State of Kerala and Kerala State Electricity Board Limitedexchanged the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) under the Scheme Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) for operational improvement of the Power Utility. Further, the States of Arunachal Pradesh and Tripuraalso joined the schemefor operational improvement of the States’ Power Distribution Departmentshere today. With this the total count of States/UTs under UDAY reaches 26.
An overall net benefit of approximately Rs.4178 crores, Rs. 309 crores and Rs. 810 crores would accrue to the States of Kerala,Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura respectively, by opting to participate in UDAY, by way of cheaper funds, reduction in AT&C and transmission losses, interventions in energy efficiency, etc. during the period of turnaround.
The MoU paves way for improving operational efficiency of the DISCOM of theseStates. Through compulsory Distribution Transformer metering, consumer indexing & GIS mapping of losses, upgrade/change transformers, meters etc., smart metering of high-end consumers, feeder audit etc. AT&C losses and transmission losses would be brought down, besides eliminating the gap between cost of supply of power and realisation.
The reduction in AT&C losses and transmission losses to 11% and 4.40% respectively by Kerala, 10% and 3.50% by Arunachal Pradesh and 15% and 4% by Tripura is likely to bring additional revenueof around Rs.92crores, Rs. 279 crores and Rs. 554 croresto Kerala, ArunachalPradeshand Tripura respectivelyduring the period of turnaround.
While efforts will be made by the Power Utilityto improve their operational efficiency, and thereby reduce the cost of supply of power, the Central government would also provide incentives to the State Governments for improving Power infrastructure in the States and for further lowering the cost of power. The Central schemes such as DDUGJY, IPDS, Power Sector Development Fund or such other schemes of MOP and MNRE are already providing funds for improving Power Infrastructure in the States and additional/priority funding would be considered under these schemes, if the States/Power Utilities meets the operational milestones outlined in the scheme. With improved operational efficiency, the DISCOMs would be in a better position to borrow funds at cheaper rates for Power infrastructure development/improvement in the States.
Benefits such as coal swapping, coal rationalization, correction in coal grade slippage, availability of 100% washed coal would also help the states to further reduce the cost of Power. Kerala is expected to benefit around Rs.3600 crores and Tripura around Rs. 156 croresdue to coal reforms.
Demand Side interventions in UDAY such as usage of energy-efficient LED bulbs, agricultural pumps, fans & air-conditioners and efficient industrial equipment through PAT (Perform, Achieve, Trade) would help in reducing peak load, flatten load curve and thus help in reducing energy consumption in the State. The gain is expected to be around Rs.480 crores, Rs. 26 crores and Rs. 96 crores for Kerala, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura respectively.
The ultimate benefit of signing the MOU would go to the people of the three States. Reduced levels of transmission and AT&C losses would mean lesser cost per unit of electricity to consumers. Further, financially and operationally healthy DISCOMs would be in a position to supply more power. Higher demand for power would mean higher PLF of Generating units and therefore, lesser cost per unit of electricity which would again mean lesser cost per unit of electricity to the consumers. The scheme would also allow speedy availability of cheaper power to households in the States that are still without electricity. Availability of 24*7 power to hitherto unconnected villages/households etc. would boost the economy, provide more employment opportunities for the people of the three States and thereby, improve the standard of living of the people.
Other dignitaries present during the event were Shri P.K. Pujari, Secretary, Power, Shri Susheel Kumar, Secretary, Coal along with other senior officials of the Union Ministry of Power, PSUs under the Ministry and State Power departments.