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• Enhance the capacity of urban institutions • Push a decentralisation agenda • Reduce conflicts in the urban environment • Create enabling conditions for inclusive and equitable urbanisation. ENERGETICA INDIA: What is that CSTEP wants to propose with the report “Reconceptualising Smart Cities: A Reference Framework for India”? SUJAYA RATHI: Based on the contextual analysis we (the research team at CSTEP) conducted to understand the meaning and status of smart cities better, we have developed a Reference Framework, which can act as a guide for policy making at various levels of governance. The CSTEP study describes the UN’s four guiding principles and proposes a Smart City Reference Framework that includes overarching principles and guidance to ‘The success and failure of the initiatives and solutions lie in ensuring that these solutions reflect the needs and priorities of citizens’ smart city programmes. The Smart City Reference Framework offers directions to both practitioners and theorists. The Framework is driven by the following four guiding principles: a) Well-being b) Equity c) Efficiency d) Foresight. These guiding principles have been derived from the United Nations’ (UN’s) draft Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Reference Framework includes major action stages in the Smart Cities Mission and identifies a set of reference guides to support agencies responsible for carrying out the action stages. The processes of city selection and indicator designing for base lining have been explained within the Framework. The Framework aims to crystallise future pathways for smart city development in India, by laying emphasis on the process of city development that leads to sustainable outcomes. The Framework is shown below. ENERGETICA INDIA: What kind of potential does Smart Cities have to drive economic growth in the country? SUJAYA RATHI: New cities make new technologies come alive, often replacing inefficient alternatives. Electricity illuminated ance encompass the overarching goals of smart cities across the globe. Technology, especially Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is an important enabler in attaining sustainability and good governance. However, technology needs to be supported by an enabling policy environment. This would need a carefully designed framework, which would provide guidance for the realisation of India’s urban agenda. As an important step in India’s urban sector programme trajectory, the Smart Cities Mission needs to be equipped to provide solutions to India’s urban challenges. The report places the Smart Cities Mission as an opportunity to: • Create an efficient urban management system • Enhance the capacity urban institutions • Push a decentralisation agenda • Reduce conflicts in the urban environment • Create enabling conditions for inclusive and equitable urbanisation The interventions for achieving the opportunities mentioned above need to be systemic; they cannot be ‘stand-alone’ in nature. The point of departure (from existing urban development programmes) that would make a difference in an increasingly resource constrained world is how judiciously one plans a city. This has to be supported by the enhanced power of technology, an aware and engaged citizenry and a competent and capacitated set of people working within an accountable framework. This process would determine the ‘smartness’ of a city and herein emerges the need for a Smart City Reference Framework. The Smart City Reference Framework offers directions to both practitioners and theorists. The Framework is driven by the following four guiding principles: a) Well-being b) Equity c) Efficiency d) Foresight These guiding principles have been derived from the United Nations’ (UN’s) draft Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Reference Framework includes major action stages in the Smart Cities Mission Technology, especially Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is an important enabler in attaining sustainability and good governance. However, technology needs to be supported by an enabling policy environment. This would need a carefully designed framework, which would provide guidance for the realisation of India’s urban agenda SMART CITIES 50 energetica INDIA · MAR | APR16


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