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• Honeywell Green Jet Fuel is made from second-generation feedstocks that don’t interfere with food, land or water resources. ENERGETICA INDIA: How is this jet fuel manufactured? When can we see green jet fuel being commercially viable compared to current jet fuels? DR. ANJAN RAY: The UOP Renewable Jet Fuel process is based on traditional refining hydroprocessing technology. It works by adding hydrogen to remove the oxygen from the feedstock and then further refining this product to meet the required specifications. The process produces a biosynthetic paraffinic kerosene (bio-SPK) or Green Jet Fuel that is then blended with standard jet fuel for use in flight. The resulting fuel meets all of the jet fuel specifications set by qualifying agencies. The majority of the cost to produce any fuel is contained within the feedstock, so as more second-generation feedstocks are developed across the world, the economics of sustainable biofuels will start to improve. As the first company in the world to produce and demonstrate renewable jet fuel, UOP has been a pioneer in making aviation biofuel a reality. UOP has partnered with multiple military and commercial aviation leaders, including the U.S. Navy and Air Force, major global airlines such as KLM and Japan Airlines, and aircraft OEM partners such as Boeing and Airbus, to demonstrate the viability of Honeywell Green Jet Fuel. Since the first demonstration flight at the end of 2008, testing has proven that Honeywell Green Jet Fuel meets or exceeds key specifications for flight. The fuel was approved for commercial, passenger-bearing flights by ASTM International on July 1, 2011.Soon thereafter, Honeywell’s corporate jet, a Gulfstream 450, took the world’s first transatlantic biofuel flight, travelling from New Jersey to Paris. ENERGETICA INDIA: How has the Indian market reacted to the product? DR. ANJAN RAY: We have seen interest from multiple airlines. In particular, airlines flying from Indian airports to EU countries are likely to benefit from use of aviation biofuels if and when the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) is fully implemented. The ETS requires aircraft flying into EU airports to demonstrably reduce their gre enhous e gas emissions. Some reductions can be achieved by the use of more modern, energy-efficient aircraft and by smarter flight path management, also areas in which Honeywell has made significant contributions through our Aerospace business. However, the ICAO targets for CO2 emissions cannot be met by such initiatives alone; biofuels are an essential component of the overall solution. In effect, a premium for biofuels relative to fossil fuels can then be justified to the extent of avoiding a carbon tax. ENERGETICA INDIA: What kind of market potential does the company expect in India? DR. ANJAN RAY: Because Honeywell Green Jet Fuel is commercially approved and is being produced on a commercial scale, it can be used in regular passenger flights in India. There are no licensed UOP Renewable Jet process units in India at this time, though we are in conversations with potential licensees in the region. A key barrier is the limited availability of non-food feedstocks in India, because of which economies of scale are not yet available. For example, our licensed plant for green diesel production in Louisiana, USA, consumes as much feedstock daily as the monthly supply of Jatropha oil in India. That said, we see promising signs of scaling up biofuel feedstock availability by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India. While this may take time, it is important to explore mechanisms for collecting and using waste cooking oil for biofuels on a large scale, as has been done fairly successfully in the U.S., EU and China. One should also consider using non-food residues from edible oil refining, which are currently used in sectors such as soaps and candles Honeywell Green Jet Fuel process. INTERVIEW energetica INDIA · JAN | FEB16 27


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