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RAJASTHAN Targeting Advanced RENEWABLE ENERGY • SOLAR - Rajasthan has the highest solar resource in India with a potential of 142.31 GWp (as estimated by NISE) and a very aggressive RE growth plan for the state to achieve 25000 MW installed capacity in the state. MOUs for 30 GW of solar parks have already been signed. - Presently, the installed solar capacity is 858 MW (as of Feb 2015) out of which only 41 MW of solar power is installed from April 2014 to Feb 2015. - Rajasthan’s Solar Policy 2011 was superseded by Solar Policy 2014 to include more ambitious capacity addition targets in line with the resource potential. • WIND - The installable wind resource potential in Rajasthan is 5050 MW at 80m level (as per NISE). - At present, Rajasthan has 3108 MW (as of 28 Feb 2015) of installed wind capacity and plans to have a total capacity of 8600 MW (MNRE) by 2022. - About 300 MW of wind power is installed in the last one year against a target of 400 MW as per the policy. - The Rajasthan Policy for Electricity Generation from Wind Energy 2012 was amended in 2014. However, there is no clarity on wind capacity addition targets beyond 2015-16. • RE capacity addition needs to increase by 18.5% annually to achieve RE capacity target of 14362 MW set by MNRE. • By 2022, during low demand periods, the projected demand can drop down to 6500 MW. In this case, renewable power might be able to cater to the complete state load and also might need to be exported out of the state. Efficiency Advanced • RREC has plans to carry out wind resource assessment with participation from private developers. • For wind power projects, the Government land is allotted to the developers at concessional rate of 10% of the DLC rate (agriculture land). The maximum allowable land is 5 Hector. / MW. • Private land can also be purchased by the wind developers for setting up of wind power plants. However, this private land will need to be converted for industrial use by paying conversion charges of 10%. • As per the 12th FYP, the Government of Rajasthan has allocated INR 12,500 crores for the building and strengthening of the transmission system within the state. Also, about INR 3044 crores have been allocated for the strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution system. Transmission system for the new Solar and Wind Power Projects is also part of the plan. Coordination Established • One of the few states to fully comply with JNNSM Phase I solar capacity addition plan with capacity addition of 432 MW • Against the sanctioned capacity of 456 MW. • Rajasthan's RPO targets are in line with the national targets set by NAPCC. For the year 2015 and 2016, the targets are slightly higher than the national targets e.g. for 2015, the state's RPO target is 10.2% against the 10% national target. • RPO targets are defined only till 2016. No RPO trajectory defined by the RERC for future years. Implementation Established • Due to unavailability of hydro storage projects, conventional sources are backed down to a large extent to balance the variations in RE. • Solar generators produce power only during the day. At night, the transmission lines which are dedicatedly for the solar power evacuation are charged at no load. It is difficult to maintain the voltage of these lines. • Unlike doubly fed or full-converter wind turbine generators, induction-based wind generators without converters are unable to control reactive power. As most of the small wind generators installed in Rajasthan are Type 1 or Type 2 induction type machines, they absorb huge amounts of reactive power during start-up and some reactive power during normal operating condition. • Major solar and wind resource in the state lies in the western part of Rajasthan which is far away from the load centres in Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Bikaner. This introduces huge transmission costs and losses which are to be borne by the state. 41 energetica INDIA · NOV | DEC15


energetica-india-54
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