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REPORT BY GIZ | REPORT BY DEUTSCHE GESELLSCHAFT FÜR INTERNATIONALE ZUSAMMENARBEIT GMBH (GIZ) CONSORTIUM PARTNERS- ERNST & YOUNG LLP, INDIA; FRAUNHOFER IWES; UNIVERSITY OF OLDENBURG, GERMANY; FICHTNER GMBH & CO. KG, GERMANY Analysis of Existing Framework for Renewables and RE policy in India This study conducts a detailed analysis of the existing market framework for renewables at the centre and state level. This includes an analysis of the existing RE policies, market mechanisms, regulatory issues, and technical issues within the different states. At present, renewable sources form about 13% of the total installed capacity of power in India. Government of India is currently targeting to increase the renewable energy capacities from 35.8GW as of May 2015 to 175GW by 2022. This ambitious capacity addition plans call for several changes in the policy actions, regulatory measures, technical advancements and suitable investments supports. The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) has made an assessment of RE capacity addition likely to come up during the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017) and the 13th Plan (up to 2022 as detailed in the national targets specified above). The major focus for capacity addition in India is envisaged in eight RE rich states i.e. Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh. For the purpose of this study, we are evaluating the situation in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Himachal Pradesh only. In order to develop a suitable action plan/ roadmap to achieve the 2022 target, it is imperative to analyse and evaluate the current RE scenario/AS IS against its policy & regulatory actions/measures undertaken and technical challenges at the national level & state level and assess its impact. The outcome of the assessment will enable the decision makers to suitably respond by any mitigation actions in order to abate the further challenges/roadblocks envisaged. This study “Analysis of Existing Framework for Renewables and RE policy in India” from Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) conducts a detailed analysis of the existing market framework for renewables at the centre and state level. This includes an analysis of the existing RE policies, market mechanisms, regulatory issues, and technical issues within the different states. The TABLE 1 - OUTCOME OF SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS FOR STATES Indicator Gujarat TN Rajasthan Karnataka AP HP Targeting Established Established Advanced Established Established Established Efficiency Advanced Established Advanced Established Developing Developing Coordination Established Established Established Developing Developing Developing Implementation Advanced Established Established Established Developing Developing Maturity Index Advanced Established Advanced Established Established Established study hopes to provide clarity on problems prevalent in each of the six states and their impact on the national RE plan. It highlights which obstacles have to be tackled in the specific states or at the national level in order achieve RE capacity addition, seamless grid integration and RE evacuation. This detailed study of the prevalent conditions, priorities and obstacles to RE capacity addition for each of the 6 states considered will form the basis of suggestions for developing a suitable market design for RE Integration in India. Criteria of Evaluation In order evaluate the states to depict the above mentioned parameters; the criteria/ indicators chosen are listed below. The states have been qualitatively evaluated for each indicator to assess their importance in the national RE promotion. • Targeting • Efficiency • Coordination • Implementation Targeting This indicator helps to quantitatively measure the state’s ability to drive RE capacity growth and its commitment level towards its own RE targets as well as contribution to the national targets. Assessment will be based on the past growth trajectory for RE development across the state. With the premise of the states’ RE potential, how much RE can be tapped and what should be the future growth trajectory required as per the committed targets or past trend. This will help to understand that for the observed future growth trajectory, what key measures are currently taken/need to be taken and future outlook of success of these measures. Efficiency This indicator helps to qualitatively measure the efficiency of state’s current initiatives taken for RE development, in terms of policy, regulatory and fiscal measures. There will also be a qualitative measure of its synergy with the national framework. Coordination This indicator helps to qualitatively measure the states’ responses to the central programs/missions and states’ alignment with the national decision making bodies. The assessment of the support extended to the national vision/programs and the support received from national decision making bodies help to evaluate this parameter. Implementation This indicator helps to qualitatively gauge the technical prowess to add large scale RE into the system, grid operation procedures and RE market mechanisms of the states. Outcome of Analysis The following table summarizes the findings of the analysis and displays the maturity of each state when compared to the maturity level of the ideal state with respect to the following four indicators defined in the methodology RENEWABLE ENERGY 38 energética INDIA · NOV | DEC15


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