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Energética India | September / October 2015

DEBI PRASAD DASH MANAGER, INDIA ENERGY STORAGE ALLIANCE (IESA), ANALYST, EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES, CUSTOMIZED ENERGY SOLUTIONS India is poised for rapid adoption of Energy Storage Technologies India is going underway an energy revolutions in adopting clean energy and advanced technologies in electricity market. With the recent announcement from Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) about Expression of Interest for Energy Storage projects to support renewable integration, there is tremendous excitement about India’s proposed Energy Storage Mission. Indian Electricity Scenario Today, India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world, with current electricity peak load of ~150 GW to meet the needs of over 1.25 Billion population. India’s per capita annual consumption of energy at ~950 kWh is one of the lowest in the world, even when compared to developing countries like Brazil and China. At the same time India currently boasts a middle class population exceeding 300 Million (almost the size of the USA) that is looking for the same level of energy access and power quality that is taken for granted in developed countries through movement towards Smart Cities. The current government has set goals of providing 24/7 energy access to every citizen by 2019. Also the lack of reliable and quality power supply is a major obstacle for accelerating development of the manufacturing sector in India under Indian Government’s Make in India initiative. Consumers bear a large burden due to poor quality and unreliable power supply. Industries maintain diesel powered generators and households have inverters with batteries as backup for unscheduled power cuts, low voltages or variable frequency. Energy storage, the need of time: Energy Storage systems can play a key role in every part of the modern grid in India as envisioned by the central government of India: • Government of India has set up aggressive renewable energy (RE) capacity additiontarget of 175 GW by 2022. The primary focus of Government is on the promotion andscaling up of electricity generation from the renewable energy. High intermittency ofrenewable energy make it difficult to forecast and schedule for dispatches. Higherpenetration of RE resources will ultimately (with rapid deployment) result in a stagewhere the grid will become unstable. One of the most effective solutions for addressingthis high intermittency while allowing scale up of these technologies is the use of energystorage technologies. • India has various initiatives for providing energy accessthrough microgrids for the 400 million people without access to reliable grid electricity.Battery storage is being tapped as a supplement to the $250 million market for off-grid power in India. A report by Goldman Sachs and The Climate Group released in earlier 2015 estimated that Solar plus storage will be the solution for Indian Off-grid electricity and will grow at 60% annually till 2018. • The Smart Cities Mission was launched by Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi on 25th June 2015 to transform and develop 100 cities to create a new urban India. This Mission intends to promote adoption of smart solutions for efficient use of available assets, limited resources and growing infrastructure with the objective of enhancing the quality of urban life and providing a clean and sustainable environment. It is evident that the government is keen to implement smart solutions in energy infrastructure and distributed generation. India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA) expects that large scale private townships, SEZs, Industrial regions will be the first mover to adopt renewable energy, electric transportation, smart energy solutions and energy storage in near future. In coming decade energy storage technologies can serve as a backbone for better power quality and reliability desired by consumers. • Indian regulators are looking to introduce ancillary services as well as scheduling of renewable resources that would help in increasing renewable penetration in the grid.RE generation by nature is considered intermittent, uncertain and variable. Taking into consideration these aspects and to facilitate integration of RE generation in the grid, CERC has proposed a framework for forecasting, scheduling and handling deviations from schedule for the infirm RE generation (like wind and solar) which also factors in the variable and intermittent nature of such generation. This could lead to renewed interest in use of energy storage for smoothing the renewable output and helping renewable project developers to schedule the intermittent wind / solar power as stipulated in the proposed framework. • India is looking at an ambitious Electric transportation program(National electric Mobility Mission Plan-2020) with a goal of over 15-17 Million EV/ HEVs by 2020 to reduce oil import bills. Recently in 2015, the Indian government launched Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicle (FAME) scheme under which the government has set aside 75 crore ($12 million) subsidy to provide discounts on purchase of electric vehicles in 2015-16. Battery electric vehicle market in India is already dominated by e-rickshaws. More than 250,000 e-rickshaws were sold in India in 2014. This market is estimated to grow at over 30-35% in 2015 to 2020. • Recently, India Government launched National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM) with outlay for NSGM activities for 12th Plan is Rs 980 crore with a budgetary support of Rs 338 crore. NSGM is an institutional mechanism for planning, monitoring and implementation of policies and programs related to Smart Grid activities. Energy Storage is one of the key enabler for grid modernisation. ENERGY STORAGE 52 energética INDIA · SEP | OCT15


Energética India | September / October 2015
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