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Energética India | September / October 2015

ENERGETICA INDIA Delhi Solar Energy Policy, 2015 The article highlights the major points of Delhi State’s Solar Policy 2015. Energetica India also speaks to stakeholders in India’s solar industry to get their feedback on the policy. The Delhi Government has come out with a policy to promote solar installations in the capital of India and reduce its current dependence on unsustainable and centralized fossil fuel energy. Given Delhi’s land-locked position, the high cost and paucity of barren land within its borders, and low potential for wind or hydro power, Delhi has to focus on rooftop solar as its primary source of renewable energy. On the positive side, Delhi is blessed with almost 300 sunny days and the rooftop space available for solar panels is estimated to be 31 km2 , giving Delhi a solar energy potential of 2.5 GW (annually approx. 3,500 million kWh). Of this potential, 26% is in the government/public sector, 25% in commercial/ industrial sector, and 49% in domestic sector. In 2015, the peak power demand in Delhi was almost 6 GW (annually approx. 28,000 million kWh). Power demand can vary considerably across a 24-hour window, especially in summer and owing to the increasing use of air conditioning. In general, energy utilities (DISCOMS) pay more to meet shortterm demand surges, raising the average cost of power. Delhi’s peak demand curve broadly matches the generation curve of solar systems, which can therefore help reduce peak demands. Moreover, energy produced by rooftop solar systems is mostly consumed at, or near, the point of generation, minimizing transmission and distribution losses. Self-consumption of rooftop solar energy also reduces the need for, and the challenge of, provisioning new distribution infrastructure, such as transformers, in congested localities. The market conditions also seem favorable for Delhi. Solar energy tariffs have, on average, fallen 6-8% per year since 1998† (solar panel prices have dropped 75% in the last six years), conventional energy tariffs in Delhi have risen 6.9% per year on average since 2007. After years of innovation and declining prices, solar energy tariffs in Delhi have become cheaper than conventional energy tariffs for the government, commercial-industrial, and top end of domestic segment, and are expected to achieve parity in the low-medium domestic segment. The Delhi Solar Policy 2015 is applicable for any solar energy generating system with a capacity of 1 KWp or more Objectives of the Delhi Solar Policy The Delhi Solar Energy Policy, 2015 has the following ten broad objectives: • Reduce Delhi’s reliance on unsustainable energy while increasing its energy security and lowering average energy prices in the long term. Promote rapid growth of rooftop solar power via a combination of generation targets, regulations, mandates and incentives. • Encourage market-based approaches and public-private partnerships to drive demand and adoption, with minimal use of State government subsidies. Develop initiatives to raise public awareness of solar energy in Delhi • Use regulatory mechanisms to drive demand and adoption, such as mandating solar plant deployments on government rooftops, requiring instate solar RPO targets for DISCOMS, modifying building bylaws to facilitate solar plant deployment, specifying responsibilities for the inspection/certification of solar plants, aggregating demand for solar projects, and more. • Promote net metering and grid-connectivity for all solar plants • Promote a robust investment climate that enables multiple financial models, from self owned (CAPEX) to third-party owned (RESCO) models. Also facilitate access to loans at preferential interest rates through various schemes that may be introduced from time to time, whether through public or private channels • Establish policy implementation, monitoring and compliance framework to make sure that efficient execution and periodic review of the Policy takes place • Develop solar energy as part of an overall strategy of providing afforda- SOLAR POWER 38 energética INDIA · SEP | OCT15


Energética India | September / October 2015
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